Financial Modelling Guide

Financial Modelling Guide

Financial modelling for businesses helps foresee and calculate the impact of future decisions. It can assist in budget planning, allocation of corporate resources, analysis of a company’s stock performance, and much more. Here’s a simple financial modelling guide for businesses and corporations.

What Is Financial Modelling?

Financial modelling is the process of creating a summary of a company’s expenses and earnings. This is completed in the form of a spreadsheet that can be used to calculate the impact of a future event or decision.

For business executives, financial models can be very handy. It can be used to assess and analyse how a company’s stock performance might be affected by management or future events.

Financial models can also be used to estimate the valuation of a business or to compare companies to their industry competitors. They also are used in strategic planning to test various scenarios, calculate the cost of new projects, decide on budgets, and allocate corporate resources.

The 4 major components of a financial model

  1.  Income Statement – This is one of the most important financial statements as it shows a company’s profitability over a given period of time. An Income Statement demonstrates a company’s performance and makes comparisons to other companies in the same industry.
  2. Balance Sheet – This is a projection of assets, liabilities, and equity at a future point in time. It is used to approximate what a business anticipates on owning in the future and also what it expects to owe. It is an important accounting tool that can be used to estimate the impact of income statement line items and cash flow expectations on the future financial position of the business.
  3. Cash Flow Statement – This creates visibility into a company’s assets, income, expenditure, debts and investments. It is an indicator of a company’s future business performance, and its most important business goal; solvency. 

    – The Income Statement, Balance Sheet, and Cash Flow Statement are the three core financial statements that work hand-in-hand in a financial model.

  4. Debt Schedule – This is used to keep track of all outstanding debt balances and related payments. Not only does the debt schedule estimate the debt capacity of a company, but it can also serve as a tool to anticipate upcoming cash shortfalls that would require additional funding.

Step-by-step process

The process of creating financial modelling is a step-by-step approach that starts with entering the historical financial data in a spreadsheet. Thereafter, conducting a financial analysis, making assumptions and forecasting, and finally assessing risk by performing a sensitivity analysis and stress testing.

Financial modelling requires a great deal of spreadsheet work, mostly in software like Microsoft Excel. Therefore, It is important to ensure the spreadsheet cells are formatted correctly. One of the key formatting standards to keep in mind is colour-coding. Colour-coding makes the information input processes simpler, easier to decipher, and is a time-saver.

Once the data is entered, it can be analysed and used to forecast and calculate what is needed for a business. Clear and efficient financial modelling can massively reduce company risk. Having this information readily available is invaluable to decision makers.

Linked’s expert team of superheroes are well-versed in maximising organisational resources through strategic outsourcing. For all financial modelling requirements, get in touch with Linked.